Tuesday
September 1 2015
5:03 AM
Oregon State Media Online School of Journalism The Oregon Herald
More
0
More Reports
8
Page width:
Thieves clone remote car key transmitter signals to unlock your car

Oregon State Media, Inc. - Story suggested by Mary Reid Tuesday August 7, 2012    12:43 PM

Car Code grabbing has increased exponentially in the last five years. When you press your key remote to lock your car, someone may be close by to intercept that electronically transmitted code and clone it to gain access to your car. The following personal report transmitted by email to millions demonstrates the growing problem of Car Code grabbing.

I locked my car. As I walked away I heard my car door unlock. I went back and locked my car again three times .. Each time, as soon as I started to walk away, I would hear it unlock again!! Naturally alarmed, I looked around and there were two guys sitting in a car in the fire lane next to the store. They were obviously watching me intently, and there was no doubt they were somehow involved in this very weird situation. I quickly chucked the errand I was on, jumped in my car and sped away.. I went straight t o the police station, told them what had happened, and found out I was part of a new, and very successful, scheme being used to gain entry into cars. Two weeks later, my friend's son had a similar happening….

While traveling, my friend's son stopped at a roadside rest to use the bathroom. When he came out to his car less than 4-5 minutes later, someone had gotten into his car and stolen his cell phone, laptop computer, GPS navigator, briefcase…..you name it. He called the police and since there were no signs of his car being broken into, the police told him he had been a victim of the latest robbery tactic — there is a device that robbers are using now to clone your security code when you lock your doors on your car using your key-chain locking device.

They sit a distance away and watch for their next victim. They know you are going inside of the store, restaurant, or bathroom and that they now have a few minutes to steal and run. The police officer said to manually lock your car door-by hitting the lock button inside the car — that way if there is someone sitting in a parking lot watching for their next victim, it will not be you.

When you hit the lock button on your car upon exiting, it does not send the security code, but if you walk away and use the door lock on your key chain, it sends the code through the airwaves where it can be instantly stolen.

Be wisely aware of what you just read and please pass this note on. Look how many times we all lock our doors with our remote just to be sure we remembered to lock them — and bingo, someone has our code….and whatever was in our car.

Ok, so apart from telling you that the attempt to spread fear is a blatant red-flag, as well as the completely unprovable testimonials which are about as reliable as an ice tent in the kalahari dessert, I'm simply going to have a look at the facts here. If this method were being used in the 1970's when automatic entry devices were (literally) made up of a couple of transistors and a radio transmitter, this "new method might work". That's because back in the days of polyester bell bottoms remote entry systems were crude and unsophisticated and analogue. Some nasty bad guy might have been able to detect the frequency of your car's remote and unlock it when you were gone by transmitting the correct frequency back at your car's receiver.

Luckily for us, modern technology has made things a little bit more difficult. I found this fantastic, simple explanation on "How Stuff Works":

With the remote keyless-entry systems that you find on cars today, security is a big issue. If people could easily open other people's cars in a crowded parking lot at the mall, it would be a real problem. And with the proliferation of radio scanners, you also need to prevent people from "capturing" the code that your transmitter sends. Once they have your code, they can simply re-transmit it to open your car.

Everything has been miniaturized; a small chip that creates the code that gets transmitted, and the small silver can (about the size of a split pea) is the transmitter.

The controller chip in any modern controller uses something called a hopping code or a rolling code to provide security. For example, if you read this PDF, it describes a system that uses a 40-bit rolling code. Forty bits provide 240 (about 1 trillion) possible codes. Here's how it works:

The transmitter's controller chip has a memory location that holds the current 40-bit code. When you push a button on your key fob, it sends that 40-bit code along with a function code that tells the car what you want to do (lock the doors, unlock the doors, open the trunk, etc.).

The receiver's controller chip also has a memory location that holds the current 40-bit code. If the receiver gets the 40-bit code it expects, then it performs the requested function. If not, it does nothing.

Both the transmitter and the receiver use the same pseudo-random number generator. When the transmitter sends a 40-bit code, it uses the pseudo-random number generator to pick a new code, which it stores in memory. On the other end, when the receiver receives a valid code, it uses the same pseudo-random number generator to pick a new one. In this way, the transmitter and the receiver are synchronized. The receiver only opens the door if it receives the code it expects.

If you are a mile away from your car and accidentally push the button on the transmitter, the transmitter and receiver are no longer synchronized. The receiver solves this problem by accepting any of the next 256 possible valid codes in the pseudo-random number sequence. This way, you (or your three-year-old child) could "accidentally" push a button on the transmitter up to 256 times and it would be okay — the receiver would still accept the transmission and perform the requested function. However, if you accidentally push the button 257 times, the receiver will totally ignore your transmitter. It won't work anymore.

So, what do you do if your three-year-old child DOES desynchronize your transmitter by pushing the button on it 300 times, so that the receiver no longer recognizes it? Most cars give you a way toresynchronize. Here is a typical procedure:

Turn the ignition key on and off eight times in less than 10 seconds. This tells the security system in the car to switch over to programming mode. Press a button on all of the transmitters you want the car to recognize. Most cars allow at least four transmitters. Switch the ignition off.

Given a 40-bit code, four transmitters and up to 256 levels of look-ahead in the pseudo-random number generator to avoid desynchronization, there is a one-in-a-billion chance of your transmitter opening another car's doors. When you take into account the fact that all car manufacturers use different systems and that the newest systems use many more bits, you can see that it is nearly impossible for any given key fob to open any other car door.

You can also see that code capturing will not work with a rolling code transmitter like this. Older garage door transmitters sent the same 8-bit code based on the pattern set on the DIP switches. Someone could capture the code with a radio scanner and easily re-transmit it to open the door. With a rolling code, capturing the transmission is useless. There is no way to predict which random number the transmitter and receiver have chosen to use as the next code, so re-transmitting the captured code has no effect. With trillions of possibilities, there is also no way to scan through all the codes because it would take years to do that.

Please read the final paragraph again (I couldn't have said it better myself). And now delete the silly chain e-mail. Whenever you get an email like this, please take a few minutes to verify the facts before you send it to your friends. Don't take the email's author's word for it when they append "Snopes Approved" to the end of the story. Chances are they're trying to stop you from doing any investigating because they know that it's a load of bolloks!

Photo: Thieves clone remote car key transmitter signals to unlock your car
Photo 2: Car Transmitter
Comments
Comments: 8 - Pending: 0

Comment 2907 from RPS
RPS from Richmond, Virginia - United States
Sunday August 16, 2015   8:45 AM
A hack demonstrated at DEF CON 2015 defeated the rolling codes with a device that JAMS AND SAVES the code. The owner, thinking it was a glitch, presses the fob button again, whereupon the device jams and saves the SECOND code and transmits the saved FIRST code which unlocks the car. The device then has a stored code that can be used to unlock the car, and the owner is unaware of any problem. The device cost less than $40 to build.



Comment 2745 from New Car
New Car from Fort Lauderdale, Florida - United States
Thursday March 26, 2015   4:59 PM
This is NOT ACCURATE information.

Just ask yourself, how your second set of keys (which could be 1,000's of miles away keep up with each other generating codes. Car locks most likely use the same code unless the car and all key sets are changed to match....



Comment 2404 from jtw90210
jtw90210 from Los Angeles, California - United States
Sunday July 20, 2014   7:08 PM
It is indeed difficult to do this with a capture on a rolling code, but thieves are actually using the $5 EMP generator technique described in US Patent number 4873897 (https://www.google.com/patents/US4873897) which was granted in 1989. Not new - but just affordable thanks to cheap semiconductors.



Comment 2243 from Dr.Theory Facts
Dr.Theory Facts from , - Zimbabwe
Monday March 17, 2014   5:26 AM
Look,outside the box,criminals build and are the primary stone of every country. We can put a man on the moon, cure diseases ,but we cant stop the drugs from entering our countries which is the main reason we have thiefs. SO SNAP OUT OF IT. Criminals build a economy, now go sit back in the box with the rest of the secondaries. Remember that thiefs invented the word "creativity'



Comment 1757 from Thanks
Thanks from Johnson City, Tennessee - United States
Tuesday September 10, 2013   8:27 PM
Sorry, I just read the final paragraphs of this article. Yep. "load of bollocks!" lol!



Comment 1756 from Thanks
Thanks from Johnson City, Tennessee - United States
Tuesday September 10, 2013   7:59 PM
This story appears to be essentially faulty reporting. The Oregon Herald needs to examine the facts more closely. While this is feasible in theory it would be very difficult given current technology and there is no evidence that it is actually happening. http://www.snopes.com/autos/techno/lockcode.asp



Comment 1692 from VWC
VWC from Freehold, New Jersey - United States
Wednesday August 21, 2013   1:31 PM
If this is accurate then not only do they have access to your car but everything in it including your GPS, EZ-Pass, and garage door opener. They now know where you live and can get into your house. Very scary!



Comment 1573 from Southeast News Leaders
Southeast News Leaders from Savannah, Georgia - United States
Monday June 24, 2013   9:26 PM
Well my friend, fantsy has become reality. Criminals now have "a little black box", so-to-speak, that allows them to gain enty into vehicles. Seemlessly within seconds. So what is this new technology that they have? Code jumping apparently is not good enough anymore!!!! Fortunatly, they can only open the doors,......................for now.



Post a comment in reference to this news article.

These Terms of Service govern your use of The Oregon Herald. Your use of our site tells us you have read and agreed to these Terms of Service and our Privacy Policy. The Oregon Herald reserves the right to deny access to the site to any person who violates these Terms of Service.

Copyright. All information, content, services and software displayed on, transmitted through, or used in connection with The Oregon Herald, with the exception of User Content as defined below, including for example news articles, reviews, directories, text, photographs, images, illustrations, audio clips, video, html, source and object code, trademarks, logos, and the like (collectively, the "Content"), as well as its selection and arrangement, are owned by their respective copyright holders, and/or its affiliated companies, licensors and suppliers. You may use the Content online only, and solely for your personal, non-commercial use, and you may download or print a single copy of any portion of the Content solely for your personal, non-commercial use, provided you do not remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from such Content. If you operate a Website and wish to link to The Oregon Herald, you may do so provided you agree not to use such links in a derogatory or negative manner. No other use is permitted without prior written permission of The Oregon Herald. The permitted use described in this Paragraph is contingent on your compliance at all times with these Terms of Service.

Except for standard fair use as provided to other news agencies, you may not republish any portion of the Content on any Internet, Intranet or extranet site or incorporate the Content in any database, compilation, archive or cache. You may not distribute any Content to others, whether or not for payment or other consideration, and you may not archive, modify, copy, frame, cache, reproduce, sell, publish, transmit, display or otherwise use any portion of the Content. You may not scrape or otherwise copy our Content without permission. You agree not to decompile, reverse engineer or disassemble any software or other products or processes accessible through The Oregon Herald, not to insert any code or product or manipulate the content of The Oregon Herald in any way that affects the user's experience, and not to use any data mining, data gathering or extraction method.

Requests to use Content for any purpose other than as permitted in these Terms of Service should be directed to our contact page. In certain cases, you may be able to use individual stories that appear on The Oregon Herald through online functionality we have specifically designated (e.g., to e-mail a story to a friend). In such cases, we will tell you directly in the portion of the Content you may use or you will see a link in the Content itself.

Registration. Registration is not required to view certain Content and to make limited reader comments. However, you are required if you wish advanced reader rights in posting comments. If you become a Registered Member of The Oregon Herald, you accept responsibility for all activities that occur under your Registration Account. For advanced reader comments, you agree to provide true, accurate, complete, and correct information at the time of registration, and to promptly update this information as needed so that it remains true, accurate, complete, and correct. We reserve the right to terminate your access and use of The Oregon Herald at any time for any reason. You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your password and for restricting access to your computer so others outside your household may not access The Oregon Herald using your name or author name, in whole or in part without our permission. If you believe someone has accessed The Oregon Herald using your Registration Account and password without your authorization, immediately send us a report using our feedback form.

Use of Information by The Oregon Herald. You acknowledge, consent and agree that The Oregon Herald may preserve and disclose your Registration Account information and the contents of your online communications if required to do so by law, or in good faith belief that preservation and/or disclosure is reasonably necessary for the following purposes: (1) to comply with legal process, such as a court order, search warrant, or subpoena; (2) to enforce the terms of this Terms of Service; (3) to render service you request; (4) to protect the rights or property of The Oregon Herald; or (5) in circumstances that we deem, in our sole discretion, to pose a threat to the safety of you or others, or of our Service.

User Content Representations and Warranties. By placing material on The Oregon Herald, including but not limited to posting content or communications to any The Oregon Herald bulletin board, forum, blogspace, message or chat area, reader comments, classified ads, real estate posting, or posting text, images, audio files or other audio-visual content to the site ("User Content"), you represent and warrant: (1) you own or otherwise have all necessary rights to the User Content you provide and the rights to provide it under these Terms of Service; and, (2) the User Content will not cause injury to any person or entity.

User Content License. For all User Content you post, upload, or otherwise make available ("Provide") to The Oregon Herald, you grant The Oregon Herald. ("TI"), its affiliates and related entities, including The Oregon Herald and its affiliated newspapers, Web sites, and broadcast stations, a worldwide, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive right and fully sub-licensable license to use, copy, reproduce, distribute, publish, publicly perform, publicly display, modify, adapt, translate, archive, store, and create derivative works from such User Content, in any form, format, or medium, of any kind now known or later developed. Without limiting the generality of the previous sentence, you authorize TI to share the User Content across all Web sites, newspapers, and broadcast stations affiliated with oregonherald.com, to include the User Content in a searchable format accessible by users of The Oregon Herald and other TI Web sites, and to use your name, likeness and any other information in connection with its use of the material you provide. You waive all moral rights with respect to any User Content you provide to The Oregon Herald. You also grant TI the right to use any material, information, ideas, concepts, know-how or techniques contained in any communication you provide or otherwise submit to us for any purpose whatsoever, including but not limited to, commercial purposes, and developing, manufacturing and marketing commercial products using such information. All rights in this paragraph are granted without the need for additional compensation of any sort to you.

User Content Screening and Removal. You acknowledge that unpaid volunteer moderators may or may not pre-screen User Content, and shall have the right (but not the obligation), in their sole discretion, to delete, move, remove, block, edit, or refuse any User Content for any reason, including without limitation that such User Content violates these Terms of Service or is otherwise objectionable for any reason to the Moderator.

User Content Assumption of Risk. The Oregon Herald cannot and does not monitor or manage all User Content, and does not guarantee the accuracy, integrity, or quality of User Content. All User Content provided to The Oregon Herald is the sole responsibility of the person who provided it. This means that you are entirely responsible for all User Content that you provide. To protect your safety, please use your best judgment when using The Oregon Herald content input and forums. We discourage divulging personal phone numbers and addresses or other information that can be used to identify or locate you. You acknowledge and agree that if you make such disclosures either through posting on any bulletin board, forum, blogspace, message or chat area, or uploading text, images, audio files or other audio-visual content, in classified advertising you place or in other interactive areas, or to third parties in any communication, you do so fully understanding that such information could be used to identify you.

User Content Posting Rules. Any decisions as to whether User Content violates any Posting Rule will be made by unpaid volunteer moderators and not The Oregon Herald. When you provide User Content, you agree to the following Posting Rules:

* If the photo or video depicts any children under the age of 13, you affirm that you have written permission from the child's parent or guardian to provide the photo or video.

  • Do not provide User Content that:
* contains copyrighted or other proprietary material of any kind without the express permission of the owner of that material.

* contains racist or hateful language or expressions, epithets or slurs, text or illustrations in poor taste, inflammatory attacks of a personal, racial or religious nature.

* is defamatory, threatening, disparaging, grossly inflammatory, false, misleading, fraudulent, inaccurate, unfair, contains gross exaggeration or unsubstantiated claims, violates the privacy rights of any third party, is unreasonably harmful or offensive to any individual or community.

* violates any right of The Oregon Herald or any third party.

* discriminates on the grounds of race, religion, LOCAL origin, gender, age, marital status, sexual orientation or disability, or refers to such matters in any manner prohibited by law.

* violates or encourages the violation of any municipal, state, federal or interLOCAL law, rule, regulation or ordinance.

* interferes with any third party's uninterrupted use of The Oregon Herald.

* advertises, promotes or offers to trade any goods or services, except in areas specifically designated for such purpose.

* uses or attempt to use another's Registration Account, password, service or system except as expressly permitted by the Terms of Service.

* uploads or transmits viruses or other harmful, disruptive or destructive files, material or code.

* disrupts, interferes with, or otherwise harms or violates the security of The Oregon Herald, or any services, system resources, accounts, passwords, servers or networks connected to or accessible through The Oregon Herald or affiliated or linked sites.

* "flames" any individual or entity (e.g., sends repeated messages related to another user and/or makes derogatory or offensive comments about another individual), or repeats prior posting of the same message under multiple threads or subjects.

WARNING: A VIOLATION OF THESE POSTING RULES MAY BE REFERRED TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES.

Unsolicited Material and Ideas. The Oregon Herald is not responsible for the similarity of any of its content or programming in any media to materials or ideas provided to The Oregon Herald. You acknowledge and agree that if you send any unsolicited materials or ideas, you do so with the understanding no additional consideration of any sort will be provided to you, and you are waiving any claim against The Oregon Herald and its affiliates regarding the use of such materials and ideas, even if material or an idea is used that is or may be substantially similar to the idea you sent.

Communications with Third Parties Through The Oregon Herald. Your dealings or communications through The Oregon Herald with any party other than The Oregon Herald are solely between you and that third party. For example, certain areas of The Oregon Herald may allow you to conduct transactions or purchase goods or services. In most cases, these transactions will be conducted by our third-party partners and vendors. Under no circumstances will The Oregon Herald be liable for any goods, services, resources or content available through such third party dealings or communications, or for any harm related thereto. Please review carefully that third party's policies and practices and make sure you are comfortable with them before you engage in any transaction. Complaints, concerns or questions relating to materials provided by third parties should be directed to the third party.

During your visit to The Oregon Herald you may link to, or view as part of a frame, certain content that is actually created or hosted by a third party. Because The Oregon Herald has no control over third party sites and resources, you acknowledge and agree that The Oregon Herald is not responsible for the availability of external sites or resources, nor for the content, actions, or policies of those sites. Information you provide on such sites, including personal information and transactional information, is subject to the terms of service of those sites.

Notice of Intellectual Property Infringement. In accordance with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and other applicable law, it is the policy of The Oregon Herald, in appropriate circumstances, to terminate the Registration Account of a Member who is deemed to infringe third party intellectual property rights or to remove User Content that is deemed to be infringing. If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement and is displayed on The Oregon Herald, please provide substantially the following information to our Copyright Agent (please consult your legal counsel or see 17 U.S.C. Section 512(c)(3) to confirm these requirements):

  1. an electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright or other intellectual property interest;
  2. a description of your copyrighted work or other intellectual property that you claim has been infringed;
  3. a description of where the material you claim is infringing is located on the site (providing us with website URL is the quickest way to help us locate content quickly);
  4. your address, telephone number, and e-mail address;
  5. a statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
  6. a statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your notice is accurate and that you are the copyright or intellectual property owner or authorized to act on the copyright or intellectual property owner's behalf.

The Oregon Herald's copyright agent can be reached as follows:

Please note that the above contact information is for intellectual property infringement notices only. DO NOT CONTACT The Oregon Herald'S COPYRIGHT AGENT FOR OTHER INQUIRIES OR QUESTIONS. For other inquiries or questions, please contact us. Please also note that, pursuant to Section 512(f) of the Copyright Act, any person who knowingly materially misrepresents that material or activity is infringing may be subject to liability.

Counter-Notification for Intellectual Property Infringement. If you elect to send us a counter-notice in response to a notice of intellectual property infringement, to be effective it must be a written communication provided to The Oregon Herald's designated Copyright Agent (see above for contact information) that includes substantially the following (please consult your legal counsel or see 17 U.S.C. Section 512(g)(3) to confirm these requirements):

  1. an electronic or physical signature of the registered user;
  2. a description of the material that has been removed or to which access has been disabled and the location at which the material appeared before it was removed or access to it was disabled (providing us with a website URL is the quickest way to help us locate content quickly);
  3. your address, telephone number, and e-mail address;
  4. a statement by you, under penalty of perjury, that you have a good faith belief that the material was removed or disabled as a result of mistake or misidentification of the material to be removed or disabled; and
  5. a statement by you that you consent to the jurisdiction of the Federal District Court for the judicial district in which the address is located, or if the your address is outside of the United States, for any judicial district in which The Oregon Herald may be found, and that the you will accept service of process from the person who provided notification of intellectual property infringement or an agent of such person.

Please note that under Section 512(f) of the Copyright Act, any person who knowingly materially misrepresents that material or activity was removed or disabled by mistake or misidentification may be subject to liability.

General Disclaimer and Limitation of Liability. While The Oregon Herald uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information, we make no warranties or representations as to the accuracy of the Content and assume no liability or responsibility for any error or omission in the Content. The Oregon Herald does not represent or warrant that use of any Content will not infringe rights of third parties. The Oregon Herald has no responsibility for actions of third parties or for content provided by others, including User Content.

USE OF The Oregon Herald IS AT YOUR RISK. ALL CONTENT IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." NEITHER TI, The Oregon Herald, NOR ANY OF THEIR AFFILIATED OR RELATED COMPANIES, NOR ANY OF THE EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, CONTENT PROVIDERS OR LICENSORS OF ANY OF THEM, MAKES ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND REGARDING The Oregon Herald, THE CONTENT, ANY ADVERTISING MATERIAL, INFORMATION, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES AVAILABLE ON OR THROUGH The Oregon Herald, AND/OR THE RESULTS THAT MAY BE OBTAINED FROM USE OF The Oregon Herald OR SUCH CONTENT OR SERVICES. ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WARRANTIES AGAINST INFRINGEMENT, AND WARRANTIES The Oregon Herald WILL MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS, BE UNINTERRUPTED, TIMELY, SECURE OR ERROR FREE, ARE SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMED. The Oregon Herald AND ITS AFFILIATES ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE OR LIABLE FOR CONTENT POSTED BY THIRD PARTIES, ACTIONS OF ANY THIRD PARTY, OR FOR ANY DAMAGE TO, OR VIRUS THAT MAY INFECT, YOUR COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OR OTHER PROPERTY.

The Oregon Herald CONTAINS FACTS, VIEWS, OPINIONS, STATEMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THIRD PARTY INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS. The Oregon Herald DOES NOT REPRESENT OR ENDORSE THE ACCURACY, CURRENTNESS OR RELIABILITY OF ANY ADVICE, OPINION, STATEMENT OR OTHER INFORMATION DISPLAYED, UPLOADED OR DISTRIBUTED THROUGH THE The Oregon Herald. ANY RELIANCE UPON ANY SUCH OPINION, ADVICE, STATEMENT OR INFORMATION IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK.

IN NO EVENT SHALL The Oregon Herald OR ITS AFFILIATES, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, CONTENT PROVIDERS OR LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES RELATED TO UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS TO OR ALTERATION OF YOUR TRANSMISSIONS OR DATA, THE CONTENT OR ANY ERRORS OR OMISSIONS IN THE CONTENT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL The Oregon Herald OR ITS AFFILIATES, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, CONTENT PROVIDERS OR LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY AMOUNT FOR DIRECT DAMAGES IN EXCESS OF $100.

Indemnity. You agree to indemnify, defend and hold harmless The Oregon Herald and TI, each of their parent and affiliated companies, and each of their respective partners, suppliers, licensors, officers, directors, shareholders, employees, representatives, contractors and agents, and sub-licensees from any and all claims (including but not limited to claims for defamation, trade disparagement, privacy and intellectual property infringement) and damages (including attorneys' fees and court costs) arising from or relating to any allegation regarding: (1) your use of The Oregon Herald; (2) The Oregon Herald's and The Oregon Herald's use of any User Content or information you provide, as long as such use is not inconsistent with this Agreement; (3) information or material provided through your Registration Account, even if not posted by you; and (4) any violation of this Agreement by you.

InterLOCAL Users. The Oregon Herald is controlled, operated and administered by The Oregon Herald from its offices within the United States. The Oregon Herald makes no representation that materials or Content available through The Oregon Herald are appropriate or available for use outside the United States and access to them from territories where their contents are illegal is prohibited. You may not use The Oregon Herald or export the Content in violation of U.S. export laws and regulations. If you access The Oregon Herald from a location outside the United States, you are responsible for compliance with all applicable laws.

Modifying these Terms. The Oregon Herald reserves the right to change these Terms of Service at any time in its discretion and to notify users of any such changes solely by changing these Terms of Service. Your continued use of The Oregon Herald after the posting of any amended Terms of Service shall constitute your agreement to be bound by any such changes. Your use of this site prior to the time these Terms of Service were posted will be governed according to the Terms of Service that applied at the time of your use.

Discontinuation of Service. The Oregon Herald may modify, suspend, discontinue or restrict the use of any portion of The Oregon Herald, including the availability of any portion of the Content at any time, without notice or liability. The Oregon Herald may deny access to any Registered Member or other user at any time for any reason. In addition, TI or The Oregon Herald may at any time transfer rights and obligations under this Agreement to any The Oregon Herald's Company affiliate, subsidiary or business unit, or any of their affiliated companies or divisions, or any entity that acquires TI, The Oregon Herald or any of their assets.

Choice of Law. These Terms of Service will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Oregon, without regard to its conflicts of law provisions. You hereby agree that any cause of action you may have with respect to The Oregon Herald must be filed in a federal or state court located in Portland, Oregon.

Statute of Limitations. You agree to file any claim regarding any aspect of this site or these Terms of Service within six months of the time in which the events giving rise to such claim began, or you agree to waive such claim. No Class Actions. You agree no claim subject to these Terms of Service may be brought as a class action.

Severability. If for any reason any provision of this Agreement is found unenforceable, that provision shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to effect the intent of the parties as reflected in that provision, and the remainder of the Agreement shall continue in full force and effect.

No Waiver. Any failure of The Oregon Herald to enforce or exercise any provision of this Agreement or related right shall not constitute a waiver of that right or provision.

Section Titles. The section titles used in this Agreement are purely for convenience and carry with them no legal or contractual effect.

Termination. In the event of termination of this Agreement for any reason, you agree the following provisions will survive: the provisions regarding limitations on your use of Content, the license(s) you have granted to The Oregon Herald, and all other provisions for which survival is equitable or appropriate.

Conflicts. In the case of a conflict between these terms and the terms of any electronic or machine readable statement or policy (for example, a P3P electronic privacy policy), these Terms of Service shall control. Similarly, in case of a conflict between these terms and our Privacy Policy, these Terms of Service control.

No Joint Venture, Partnership, or Agency Relationship No joint venture, partnership or agency relationship exists between you and The Oregon Herald. These Terms of Service, our Privacy Policy, any uses of the Web site by You, and any information, products, or services provided by The Oregon Herald to you in connection with this Web site does not create and shall not be construed to create a joint venture, partnership or agency relationship between you and The Oregon Herald.

Last updated on March 14, 2013.

Copyright © 2013

The Oregon Herald Privacy Statement

The Oregon Herald operates an ad-free daily online newspapers and information service. In this Privacy Policy, "Affiliates" refers to our subsidiaries and entities that The Oregon Herald or its subsidiaries operate or have an ownership interest in.

  • The information we collect and how we collect it;
  • Information sharing and disclosure;
  • How you can access and update your information;
  • How we protect information;
  • How to contact us;
  • Your privacy rights; and
  • Changes to this policy.

The information we collect and how we collect it.

We may collect information about your visit but not about you personally, other than the information you provide in your comments or publishers account. We do not share information with outside sources. We use your your name, username, password, email address, and any other information only to better manage your account.

Please be careful and responsible whenever you are online. Should you choose to voluntarily disclose information free classified ads, on message boards, chat areas or in notices or comments you post, that information can be viewed publicly and can be collected and used by third parties without our knowledge and may result in unsolicited messages from other individuals or third parties.

When you use the Services, we use persistent and session cookies and other tracking technologies to for the sole purpose of managing your account and to better manage our website interface. We have no commercial interest in your vists or in what you post.

What we do with the information we collect.

We use the information that we collect for the following purposes:

  • For the purposes for which you provided it;
  • To process and respond to your inquiries;
  • To enforce the legal terms that govern your use of the Services; and
  • To administer and troubleshoot the Services.

How you can access and update your information.

To ensure that you have some control over the information we have about you, you may review and update certain user profile information by logging in to the relevant portions of the Services where such information may be updated (may be available on some Services and not others) or by contacting us or updating your account information.

How we protect information.

We have implemented reasonable administrative, technical, and physical security measures to protect against the loss, misuse and alteration of your information. Despite our best efforts, however, no security measures are completely impenetrable.

How to contact us.

If you have any questions, comments, or concerns regarding our Privacy Policy or practices, please contact us or by other means you may have been given.

Changes to this policy.

The Oregon Herald reserves the right to change this policy at any time. Please check this page periodically for changes. Your continued use of the Services following the posting of changes to this policy will mean you accept those changes.

Copyright © 2014 The Oregon Herald.

Last updated on Janruary 21, 2014.

Copyright © 2014